11bth International Conference on

Standardisation and Innovation in Information Technology
(SIIT 2021)

The Past, Present and FUTURE of ICT Standardisation

In conjunction with the

25th EURAS Annual Standardisation Conference
Standardisation and Innovation

Aachen, Germany

6 – 9 September 2021

About the Conference

Over the past decade, the ICT industry has undergone a dramatic transformation. One effect of this has been a shift of economic and technical power to some of the largest corporations in the world. This has had massive ramifications for investments in this sector, as well as for the ecosystem of ICT application and product development. Has this development impacted standardisation and innovation and if so, how?

Moreover, it appears that the ICT industry has become overly obsessed with being first and being unique; change has become a desirable end in itself. In such an environment, standardisation may quickly be devaluated in stakeholders’ mind sets. It is still necessary but ‘someone else’s problem’. And this will lead to long term (interoperability) problems.

Against this background, SIIT 2021 aims to take a step back and do some stock-taking. What have we got? What do we need? How can we close the gap (if any)? Where will we probably go from here and where should we go? Can we learn something from history? How do ongoing technical, economic, political, social or legal developments impact standardisation, and how can/should the current standardisation system adapt to these developments (if at all)?

Since 1999, SIIT conferences are bringing together experts from academia, government and industry with an interest in ICT standardisation. They thus serve as a platform to foster the exchange of insights and views on all issues surrounding standards, standardisation and innovation. Contributing disciplines include, but are by no means limited to: Business Studies, Computer Science, Economics, Engineering, History, Information Systems, Law, Management Studies and Sociology.

Paper Submission


Submissions due: 10 May 2021

Notification of acceptance/rejection: 21 June 2021

Final paper due: 19 July 20211

SIIT 2021 invites submissions of original, unpublished papers (which should be formatted according to the submission guideliens; see below) for one of these categories:

  • Academic papers will typically adopt a more theoretical approach and will ideally inform academics as well as practitioners (up to 20 pages).
  • Industry papers address relevant topics from a more practical perspective and should also help ‘ground’ academic research (up to 20 pages).
  • Presentation papers are intended for presentation only. They will not be published in the conference proceedings in order to allow a subsequent journal publication (relevant to certain fields of science; up to 20 pages).
  • Opinion papers shouldfocus on well-motivated personal views (up to 10 pages).
  • Work-in-progress papers report and discuss ongoing activities (up to 10 pages).
  • Poster papers will typically report new ideas or early work in progress (up to 5 pages).

All papers will undergo a double blind peer-review process. Authors may submit more than one paper.

All accepted papers will be published in the conference proceedings, as part of the ‘EURAS Contributions to Standardisation Research’ book series (no copyright transfer required). They will also be fast-tracked for inclusion in the International Journal on Standardization Research (IJSR) (subject to approval by the authors).

Download the Call for Papers

Download the Submission Guidelines

Submit a paper through EasyChair

Technical Programme Committee


Chair: Rudi Bekkers, TU Eindhoven, NL
Martin Adolph, ITU, CH
Nitin Aggarwal, SJSU, US
Paolo Bellavista, U. Bologna, IT
Knut Blind, TU Berlin, DE
Nils Brunsson, Uppsala U., SE (tbc)
Carl Cargill, Consultant, US
Simao Campos, ITU, CH
Jorge Contreras, U. of Utah, US
Donggeun Choi, KSA, KR (tbc)
Tineke Egyedi, DIRoS, NL
Erwin Folmer, TNO, NL
Vladislav Fomin, Vilnius U., LT
Linda Garcia, Georgetown U., US
Matt Heckman, Zuyd U. of Applied Sciences, NL
Kai Jakobs, RWTH Aachen U., DE
Geerten van de Kaa, TU Delft, NL
Thomas Kalling, U. of Lund, SE
Olia Kanevskaia, KU Leuven, BE
Ken Krechmer, isology & U. of Colorado, US
Heejin Lee, Yonsei U., KR
Bjorn Lundell, U. of Skövde, SE
Kalle Lyytinen, Case Western Reserve U., US 
Brian McAuliffe, HP, IE
Ivana Mijatovic, U. Belgrade, RS
Anne Mione, U. of Montpellier, FR
Marta Orviska, UMB, SK
Cesare Riillo, STATEC, LU
Andrew Russell, SUNY, US
Tim Schoechle, NISLAPP, US
Mostafa Hashem Sherif, Consultant, US
Jan Smits, TU Eindhoven, NL
Michael Spring, U. of Pittsburgh, US
Kees Stuurman, U. of Tilburg, NL
Valerio Torti, Luiss-Guido Carli U., IT
Klaus Turowski, Magdeburg U., DE
Karthikeyan Umapathy, U. of North Florida. US
Ray Walshe, DCI, IE
Marc van Wegberg, Consultant, NL
Martin Weiss, U. of Pittsburgh, US
Robert van Wessel, ApexIS, NL
Robin Williams, U. of Edinburgh, UK



The Draft Programme may be downloaded here.

6 September

08.00 – 09.00           Registration & Coffee

09.00 – 09.30
:          Official Opening:

09.30 – 10.00           Keynote 1: TBA
Carl Cargill, Consultant, USA

10.00 – 11.00           Panel 1: Standards and Societal Aspects

11.00 – 11.30           Coffee Break

11.30 – 13.30           Session 1 : Standards and Societal Aspects

Developing AI-Based Cyberbullying Interventions on Online Platforms: Standardizing Children’s Rights
Tijana Milosevic, Kanishk Verma, Brian Davis, Derek Laffan and James O’higgins Norman, DCI, IE

AI, Standardization and the Environmental Sustainable Development Goals
Ray Walshe, DCI, IE

Why consumer IoT security standards should be legislated: The case of fitness or wellness devices
Saheli Datta Burton and Madeline Carr, UCL, UK

Standardization and Sustainability: Stakeholders’ Perspectives
Knut Blind and Philipp Heß, TU Berlin, DE

13.30 – 14.30           Lunch Break

14.30 – 16.00           Session 2: Developing Specific Technologies

Standardisation of electronic health care information exchange. The Dutch ‘new approach’ in EU Context
Kees Stuurman, Tilburg U., NL

On Engagement with ICT Standards and Their Implementations in Open-Source Software Projects: The Case of H.265
Jonas Gamalielsson, Björn Lundell and Simon Butler, U. Skövde, SE

Standardized general purpose technologies: A note      
Jussi Heikkilä, Jyväskylä U., FI; Joakim Wikström, Aalto U., FI

16.00 – 16.30           Coffee Break

16.30 – 18.00           Session 3: Legal Aspects

Hybrid Framework for GDPR Data Compliance 
Ensar Hadziselimovic, Dave Lewis and David Filip, Adapt Centre, IE

The Approaches of Chinese Courts in FRAND-Cases and the Consequences for International Technology Standard-Setting
Matt Heckman, Zuyd U of Applied Sciences, NL

Overcoming inefficiencies of patent licensing: A method to assess patent’s essentiality for technical standards
Rudi Bekkers, TU Eindhoven, NL; Elena M. Tur, TU Eindhoven, NL; Joachim Henkel, TU Munich, DE; Jorge L. Contreras, U. Utah, US1

8.00 – 21.00           Welcome Reception

7 September

08.00 – 09.00           Registration & Coffee

09.00 – 09.30
:          Keynote 2: TBA
Knut Blind, TU Berlin

09.30 – 11.00           Session 4: Different Aspects of Certification

Certification (and) Marks – Understanding Usage and Practices Among Standards Organizations
Brad Biddle, Arizona State U.; US; Vigdis Bronder, Independent Consultant, US; Jorge Contreras, U. Utah, US

Certification of firms, industry sector, and environmental performance – ISO 14001, 9001, and the Environmental Performance Index
Magnus Johansson, Lund U., SE

Certification to compensate gender prejudice – Analysis on impact of management system certification on export by companies in Central and Eastern Europe
Cesare A.F. Riillo, Statec, LU; Ivana Mijatovic, U. Belgrade, RS; Henk Jde Vries, U. Rotterdam, NL

11.00 – 11.30           Coffee Break

11.30 – 13.00           Session 6: Three Flowers ……..

Bridging the gap between research and standardization – the success story of the project MeProLI supporting maintenance processes
Tobias Leiting, FIR, DE; Rene Lindner and Christian Goroncy, DIN, DE

Too Much or Too Little Standardization? – The performance of firms engaged in standardization
Cesare Riillo, Statec, LU; Kai Jakobs, RWTH Aachen U., DE

On challenges for achieving conformance to document standards: Can PDF files conform to the PDF/A-1b specification?
Thomas Fischer, Björn Lundell and Jonas Gamalielsson, U. Skövde, SE

13.00 – 14:00           Lunch Break

14.00 – 15.30           Session7 : Standards Development I

Participation in the Development of Regional and International Standards: Empirical Study in Latvia
Arta Pīlēna, Iveta Mežinska and Inga Lapiņa, TU Riga, LV

Global Rivalry in ICT Standardization: SDO Governance Amid Changing Patterns of Participation Justus Baron, Northwestern U., US; Olia Kanevskaia, KU Leuven, BE

To Participate or Not to Participate: An Investigation of Strategic Participation in Standards
Paras Bhatt, U. Texas, US; Claire Vishik, Intel Corp., US; Govind Hariharan, Kennesaw State U., US; H. Raghav Rao, U. Texas, US

15.30 – 19:30           Workshop for Early-Stage PhD Students

This WS will provide a platform for early-stage (or soon-to-be) PhD students to present their project ideas and discuss them with experts in the field.

8 September

08.00 – 09.00           Registration & Coffee

09.00 – 09.30           Keynote 3: TBA
Brian McAuliffe, HP, IE; Ray Walshe, DCI, IE

09.30 – 10.30           Panel 2: Standardisation & Innovation

10.30 – 11.00           Coffee Break

11.00 – 12.30
           Session 7: Standardisation and Innovation

Organizing for Sustainability: The Role of Standards for Business Models and Ecosystemic Innovation
Hiam Serhan and David Nahon, U. Paris-Saclay, FR

Innovation and quality standards in European firms: search for factors and interconnections
Ján Huňady and Marta Orviska, U. Banska Bystrica, SK; Ivana Mijatovič, U. Belgrade, RS

Rule-making and innovation in a globalising economy: do standards and regulation affect innovation differently?
Knut Blind and Florian Münch, TU Berlin, DE

12.30 – 13.30           Lunch Break

13.30 – 15.00           Session 8: COVID, Standardisation and Certification

Meeting COVID-19 rules – A multiple case study of standardisation and innovation in the cultural sector
Henk J. de Vries, U. Rotterdam, NL

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Conformity Assessment: Insights from a Multinational Study       
Claudia Koch, Parsa Asna Ashari and Mona Mirtsch, BAM,DE; Knut Blind, TU Berlin, DE; Pavel Castka, U. Canterbury, NZ

The effect of the Corona pandemic on standardization
Philipp Heß and Knut Blind, TU Berlin, DE

15.00 – 15.30           Coffee Break

16.00 – 17.00           Panel 3: Awareness, Training, Learning About Standardisation

17.15 – 18.45           EURAS Membership Meeting

19.00 –                        Conference Dinner

9 September

08.00 – 09.00           Registration & Coffee

09.00 – 09.30           Keynote 4: The Role of Technical Standards in Enabling the Future

                                      Ken Krechmer, isology, US

09.30 – 10.30           Panel 4: The Geo-Political Standardisation Ecosystem

10.30 – 11.00           Coffee Break

11.00 – 12.30
           Session 9: Standards Development II

Latecomers in International ICT Standardization – How Origin and Experience Impact the Acceptance of Technological Contributions                 
Lennart Schott and Kerstin J. Schaefer, Leibnitz U., DE

The Making of International Communication Standards: Towards a Theory of Power in Standardization              
Niels ten Oever and Stefania Milan, U. Amsterdam, NL

Global Competition for Leadership Positions in Standards Development Organizations
Justus Baron, Northwestern U., US; Olia Kanevskaia, KU Leuven, BE

12.30 – 13.30           Lunch Break

13.30 – 15.00 Session 10: Focus on SMEs

Luring SMEs into ICT Standardisation
Cesare Riillo, Statec, LU; Kai Jakobs, RWTH Aachen U., DE

Organisational Innovation in the Digital Layer: Exploring the Adoption of the Management System Standard ISO/IEC 27001
Knut Blind, TU Berlin, DE; Jan Kinne, ZEW; DE; Miriam Krüger, TU Berlin, DE; Mona Mirtsch, BAM, DE

Demystifying the Expertise: Expertise in Standardization in SMEs as a Common Goal
Ivana Mijatovic and Biljana Tosic, U. Belgrade, RS

15.00 – 15.30           Coffee Break

15.30 – 16.30           Panel 5: Ethical Aspects of Standardisation

16.30 – 18.30
       Session 11: Positioning Standardisation Research

Standards and Standardization: an Interdisciplinary Literature Review
Filippo Grillo, TU Delft, NL; Amin Yousefi, U. Rotterdam, NL; Paul Moritz Wiegmann, TU Eindhoven, NL; Geerten van de Kaa, TU Delft, NL; Henk J. de Vries U. Rotterdam, NL; Rudi Bekkers, TU Eindhoven, NL

An Analysis of the Three Knowledge and Technology Transfer Channels: Publications, Patents, Standards – The Case of Hydrogen Technology
Parsa Asna Ashari, BAM, DE; Knut Blind, TU Berlin, DE

On Influences Between ICT Standards and Their Implementations in Open Source Software projects: The Case of H.264
Jonas Gamalielsson and Björn Lundell, U. .Skövde, SE

Connecting the dots: A bibliometric analysis of the link between standardization and economic growth
Jussi Heikkilä, Jyväskylä U., FI; Timo Ali-Vehmas, Teknikan Museo, FI; Julius Rissanen, Nokia, FI

18.30 – 18.45           Conference Wrap-Up



The conference will be held at
RWTH Aachen University
Computer Science Centre
Lecture Hall AH VI
Ahornstr. 55
52074 Aachen.

The venue and how to get there:

And some more details:

About Aachen


Aachen is Germany’s westernmost city, bordering on the Netherlands and Belgium; both are just a short bus ride away from the city centre. The ‘Dreiländereck’ (the region where three countries meet) is a popular holiday destination, and for good reasons. It’s a rather tranquil area, ideal for hiking and cycling (if you don’t mind hills), with peaceful villages (mostly with good pubs or restaurants) interconnected by a well-marked network of small country roads and field paths.

The city itself is mid-sized (with a population of around 250,000) and may easily be explored on foot. Aachen’s cathedral, built upon a request by Emperor Charlemagne, saw thirty kings being crowned within its walls. The cathedral was named Germany’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site as early as 1978. The Market Square and the adjacent Katschhof, both dominated by the impressive Town Hall, form the heart of the city. The surrounding Old Town is ideal for a short stroll (don’t forget to look out for the numerous fountains for which Aachen is also famous). You will find a variety of cafes, bars and restaurants there, one of which may come in handy if the stroll did take a little longer ….

The city is also home to RWTH, Germany’s largest technical university and one of its best. It is thus little wonder that city life is very much shaped by the around 60,000 students who are enrolled at Aachen’s different universities. Aachen’s history, the large number of students and the many regular visitors from the Netherlands and Belgium help create a unique atmosphere.

Further information about Aachen may be found at

Partners and Sponsors




You will find a brief summary of the available sponsoring opportunities here. But we are flexible. So, please get in touch with Kai Jakobs at if you are interested to become a sponsor of SIIT 2021 and/or liked to have any further information.



Coming in due course

Accommodation and Some Practicalities


The conference venue is located about 2.5 kilometres outside the city centre, with no accommodation facilities in its close vicinity. Your best option would be to find accommodation in town. Aachen Tourist Service can help here.

The venue is well served by various bus routes (12, 22, 23, 33, 73); a Taxi ride will set you back around EUR 12 and a walk will take you about 30 minutes.

Aachen is home to a huge number of eateries, from the humble takeaway to the Michelin starred gourmet restaurant. They serve an almost equally huge variety of ethnic cuisines, with a certain focus on Italy, Turkey and Greece. But you’ll easily find something for each and every taste.